• 图片一
     1.战国时候,地处中国西部的秦国非常落后,秦孝公当政时,决定招揽人才,实行改革。
     1. During the Warring States Period, the State of Qin was backward and underdeveloped. When Duke Xiao came to power in the State of Qin, he decided to enact political reforms; he set about looking for talented, capable men to assist him.
  • 图片二
     2.魏国的商鞅前去应征,将自己富国强兵的想法告诉秦孝公。秦孝公非常满意,听得连吃饭睡觉都忘了。
     2. Shang Yang visited Duke Xiao, wanting to apply for a position as a political advisor. When Shang Yang put forth his ideas, the Duke listened with great enthusiasm. In fact, the Duke listened so intently to Shang Yang's ideas that he forgot to even eat or sleep.
  • 图片三
    3.秦孝公任用商鞅实行变法,新法令鼓励发展农业,奖励作战有功的将士,却遭到了秦国贵族的反对,普通百姓也不相信那些政令。
     3. Duke Xiao appointed Shang Yang and empowered him to enact political reforms. Shang Yang's policies helped to develop agriculture and established a system to reward soldiers. Shang Yang's reforms, however, were met by opposition from the Qin nobility, and even the common people did not believe in his policies.
  • 图片四
    4.为了取得百姓的信任,商鞅“立木赏金”,重金奖励相信和执行新法令的人,最终取得了百姓的信任,树立了威信。
    4. In order to gain people's trust, Shang Yang began to heavily reward those who faithfully obeyed and carried out the new laws. In this way, he was able to establish credibility with the people.
  • 图片五
    5.经过变法,秦国实现了富国强兵,为后来秦始皇统一中国奠定了基础。
    5. The new laws had a great deal to do with Qin's emergence as the most powerful state from aspects of both economy and military. This also established a foundation which later allowed Qin Shihuang to unify China and become its first emperor.
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